ENSISHEIM


ENSISHEIM
ENSISHEIM, town in Haut-Rhin department, Alsace, E. France, about 19 mi. (30 km.) S. of colmar . R. Meir of Rothenburg was held prisoner there from 1286. The first evidence that Jews were living in the town dates from 1291. They were among the victims of the armleder persecutions in 1338. The community had hardly been reconstituted when it suffered from the persecutions accompanying the black death in 1348–49. A few Jews again settled there from 1371. The small community welcomed the Jews expelled from Kaysersberg and mulhouse at the beginning of the 16th century. After an ordinance of 1547, only one Jewish family was allowed to reside in Ensisheim and the surrounding localities, and the synagogue was closed for worship. In 1689, some Jews were again admitted for a short while on payment of a high protection fee. It was not until 1824 that some Jews again settled there. Only a few Jews were still living there in 1936. At an unknown date there was a blood libel in Ensisheim and the Jews there were put on trial. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 2 (1968), 211ff.; E. Scheid, Histoire des Juifs d'Alsace (1887), 78, 107, 118, 135; F.J. Merklen, Histoire d'Ensisheim, 1 (1840), 185ff, 348; 2 (1840), 286 and passim; Z. Szajkowski, Franco-Judaica (1962), nos. 21, 1429. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ensisheim — is a town in Alsace, France. On November 7, 1492, a 250 pound meteorite fell there, and since then it has attracted many meteorite enthusiasts. It was described in detail by the contemporary poet Sebastian Brant.Ensisheim is also the birthplace… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ensisheim — Ensisheim, Stadt im Bez. Oberelsaß, an der Ill und dem Vaubankanal, (1900) 2555 E., Amtsgericht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ensisheim — Ensisheim, elsäss. Stadt an der Ill, 4000 E., Fabrikation von Calicot; in der Kirche ein 170 Pfund schwerer, 1498 gefallener Meteorstein; Strafanstalt; Turennes Sieg den 4. Oct. 1674 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ensisheim — 47° 51′ 59″ N 7° 21′ 11″ E / 47.8664, 7.3531 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ensisheim — Ẹnsisheim,   Stadt im Oberelsass, Département Haut Rhin, Ostfrankreich, an der Ill, 214 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 6 100 Einwohner; Kalisalzbergbau.   Stadtbild:   Das alte Rathaus, ehemaliges »Regimentshaus« (1532 47), ist eine rechtwinklige… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ensisheim — Original name in latin Ensisheim Name in other language Ensisheim State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 47.86695 latitude 7.35212 altitude 216 Population 6940 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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